UNESCO World Heritage List of Iran

UNESCO World Heritage in Iran includes 26 historical-cultural and natural sites that have been registered in UNESCO World Heritage. This list includes 24 items of cultural heritage and 2 works of natural heritage.

Tchogha Zanbil 

Place: Khouzestan
Date of Establishment: 13th Century BC.
Date of Inscription: 1979
Choghaznabil is an ancient holy temple that was built during the Elamite period. Choghaznabil is the remnant of the city of “Dour Ontash”.

Meidan Emam, Esfahan

Place: Isfahan

Date of Establishment:  17th Century

Date of Inscription: 1979

Naghsh Jahan Square is a large rectangular square in the city of Isfahan, Iran, which is surrounded by buildings from the Safavid period. Naghsh Jahan Square was established in its current form during the reign of Shah Abbas Safavid. The historical monuments in Naghsh Jahan Square include Aliaqapo, Shah Mosque, Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque and Qaisaria Gate.


Place: Fars

Date of Establishment: 5th Century BC.

Date of Inscription: 1979

Persepolis or Parseh, which is located in Marvdasht city in the north of Fars province, is the name of one of the ancient cities of Iran. In this ancient city, there is a complex of palaces called Persepolis, which was built during the reign of Darius the Great, Xerxes and Ardashir I.


Location: KermanShah

Date of Establishment:  6th- 4th Century BC

Date of Inscription: 2006

Bistoon inscription is the largest inscription in the world, the first known Iranian text and one of the works of the Achaemenid dynasty (520 BC) located in Harsin city, 30 km from Kermanshah, on the slopes of Bistoon Mountain. The Bistun inscription is one of the most important and famous documents in the history of the world and the most important historical text during the Achaemenid period, which shows the victory of Darius the Great over Geo-mat the Mogh and the tyranny of the rebels.

Shushtar Historical Hydraulic System

Location: Khuzestan

Date of Establishment:  5th Century BC

Date of Inscription: 2009


Shushtar water structures inscribed as a masterpiece of creative genius, can be traced back to Darius the Great in the 5th century B.C. to use water power as a stimulus for industrial mills. In this large complex, the construction of mills, waterfalls, canals and huge water and tunnels leading to Sika, which is a place for rest and entertainment, are remarkable and interesting. In the travelogue of Madame Jean Diolafois, the famous French archaeologist, this area is mentioned as the largest industrial complex before the Industrial Revolution.

Masjed-e Jāmé of Isfahan

Location: Isfahan

Date of Establishment:  8th Century

Date of Inscription: 2012

This mosque is one of the most important and oldest religious buildings in Iran, which includes various parts such as the dome of Nizam-ol-Molk, the dome of Taj-ol-Molk, along with four porches of naves, Mozaffari Altar of Al-Jaito School, each of which represents the course of Islamic architecture in certain periods. The architectural style of the mosque is Razi style. This building reflects Byzantine and classical art in the form of a traditional and Islamic building.

Golestan Palace

Location: Tehran

Date of Establishment:  17th Century

Date of Inscription: 2013

The buildings of this palace were built at different times and were part of the historic royal citadel. Its construction dates back to the time of Shah Tahmasb I, and its main parts were built inside the old fence of Tehran and expanded during the Qajar period and was the residence of Qajar kings.


Location: Khuzestan

Date of Establishment:  5000 BC.

Date of Inscription: 2015

The ancient city of Susa is one of the oldest known settlements in the world. According to ancient documents, Susa was one of the most important and glorious ancient cities of Iran and the world. The ancient city of Susa was once the center of a clash of two important civilizations, each of which contributed to the other.

Sassanid Archaeological Landscape of Fars Region

Location: Fars

Date of Establishment:  3rd to 7th Century

Date of Inscription: 2018

Remains from the Sassanid era in the cities of Firoozabad, Kazerun and Sarvestan have been registered in the form of a file. These works include the ancient city of Bishapour, Shapur Cave, Sassanid palace of Sarvestan, the ancient city of Ardeshir Khoreh, the palace of Ardeshir Babakan, Qala-e Dokhtar, the relief of Deyhimdari and the relief of Ardeshir’s victory over Ardavan.

Takht-e Soleyman

Place: Azerbaijan

Date of Establishment: 6th Century 

Date of Inscription: 2003

This place is located near the village of Takht-e Soleiman in Takab and is a collection of historical monuments built around natural lakes. Remains of Parthian, Sassanid and Ilkhanate buildings have been found in this place. The most important remnants of it are the fire temple and the halls of the Sassanid period.

Bam and its Cultural Landscape

Location: Kerman

Date of Establishment:  6th- 4th Century BC.

Date of Inscription: 2004

Bam citadel is located in the northeast corner and attached to the city of Bam in Kerman province and adjacent to the Silk Road and according to several narrations, belongs to the Parthian or Achaemenid period. Until the end of the Qajar period, Bam citadel was still inhabited. This famous historical monument in the Bam earthquake, with a magnitude of 6.6, which shook the city of Bam at 5:26 AM on December 26, 2003. Was destroyed.


Location: Fars

Date of Establishment:  6th Century BC.

Date of Inscription: 2004


It is a collection of antiquities left over from the Achaemenid period. This complex includes structures such as the tomb of Cyrus the Great, the royal garden of Pasargadae, the palace gate, the bridge, the public palace, the private palace, the two pavilions, the fountains of the royal garden, the tomb of Cambyses, the fortifications of Tal Takht, Mozaffari caravanserai, the holy shrine and the narrow courtyard.


Location: Zanjan

Date of Establishment:  14th Century

Date of Inscription: 2005

 The dome of Soltanieh is the tomb of Mohammad Khodabandeh Al-Jaito, which was built in 1302-1312 in the city of Soltanieh (the capital of the Ilkhanids) and is considered one of the most important works of Iranian and Islamic architecture. This building is famous in the world in terms of architecture, decoration and greatness. The color of the dome is blue. There is a tall dome on these sides, the height of which is 120 yards.


Armenian Monastic Ensembles of Iran

Location: Azerbaijan

Date of Establishment:  7th- 14th Century

Date of Inscription: 2008

It is a complex of three Armenian churches (Qara Church, St. Stephen’s Church and Dzor Dzor Church). These churches were founded between the seventh and fourteenth centuries AD and have been rebuilt several times over time.

Sheikh Safi al-din Khānegāh and Shrine Ensemble in Ardabil

Location: Ardabil

Date of Establishment:  16th- 18th Century

Date of Inscription: 2010

The tomb of Sheikh Safi al-Din named after the famous mystic Sheikh Safi al-Din Ardabil, the ancestor of the Safavid kings, was built in 735 AH by his son Sadr al-Din Musa. In the Safavid era, the tomb of the Sheikh was decorated with the presence of the great masters of the Safavid era. One of the unique points of this collection is that this tomb contains dozens of original works in various themes of art disciplines.

Tabriz Historic Bazaar Complex

Location: Azerbaijan

Date of Establishment:  13th Century

Date of Inscription: 2010

Tabriz Bazaar is one of the largest and most important indoor markets in Iran and Asia. With an area of about one square kilometer, this market is the largest indoor market in the world. This market consists of numerous bazaars, timchehs, inns and caravanserais

The Persian Garden

Location: Fars, Isfahan, Kerman, Mazandaran, Yazd, South Khorasan

Date of Establishment:  —-

Date of Inscription: 2011

Persian Garden refers to its unique structure and design. The Persian garden of Pasargad is considered to be the root of the architecture of these gardens. Eram, Chehelston, Finn, Abbasabad, Bagh-e Shazdeh, Dolatabad, Pahlavanpour, Akbariyeh were registered as World Heritage Sites.

Gonbad-e Qābus

Location: Golestan

Date of Establishment:  11th Century

Date of Inscription: 2012

Qaboos Dome is a historical building from the 4th century AH with the style of Razi style architecture and the tallest all-brick tower in the world, which was built during the reign of Qaboos Ibn Vashmgir in the city of Hyrkani, which was the capital of the kings of that land.

Shahr-i Sokhta

Location: Sistan and Baluchestan

Date of Establishment:  6000 BC.

Date of Inscription: 2014

It is the remains of an ancient city that is 6,000 years old and coincides with the Bronze Age of Jiroft civilization. The city has an area of 280 hectares and has 5 main sections, which include residential, central, industrial, monuments, and cemeteries, which are located in a series of hills and adjoining each other.

Cultural Landscape of Maymand

Location: Kerman

Date of Establishment:  —

Date of Inscription: 2015

Meymand is a rocky village with several thousand years old. This building is undoubtedly one of the first human settlements in Iran. Meymand village has a total of 406 kits and 2560 rooms. The inhabitants of this village have special customs and Sassanid Pahlavi words are still used in their language and dialect.

The Persian Qanat

Location: Fars, Isfahan, Kerman, Mazandaran, Yazd, South Khorasan and Markazi

Date of Establishment:  —

Date of Inscription: 2016

The uniqueness of these aqueducts includes the technologies related to their construction, taking into account their unique features, such as the deepest, longest, or oldest aqueduct in Iran. These 11 aqueducts include: Qasbeh Gonabad aqueduct, Baladeh Ferdows aqueduct, Hassanabad Moshir aqueduct and Bagh Zarch aqueduct, Ebrahimabad Arak aqueduct, Mazdabad aqueduct and Vazwan public aqueduct, Moon aqueduct, Goharriz aqueduct of Jopar aqueduct, Bassem Akbar aqueduct.

Historic City of Yazd

Location: Yazd

Date of Establishment:  —

Date of Inscription: 2017

The texture and construction of special architecture of Yazd region is one of the most obvious examples of special architecture of hot and dry climates in the world. In the center of each neighborhood are usually baths, bazaars, water reservoirs, mosques, lords, small workshops, and water atmospheres, many of which are still standing. Windbreaks, minarets and domes are the most characteristic aspects of the city’s architecture.

Cultural Landscape of Hawraman/Uramanat

Location: Kurdistan

Date of Establishment:  3000 BC.

Date of Inscription: 2021

Uramanat is the name of historical regions with stepped texture and special customs in the provinces of Kurdistan and Kermanshah. These villages have unique features in terms of architecture, people’s lifestyle and agriculture, and by combining agriculture on steep slopes, they have shown their integration with nature.

Trans-Iranian Railway

Location: Golestan, Mazandaran, Semnan, Tehran, Qom, Markazi, Lorestan, Khuzestan

Date of Establishment: 

Date of Inscription: 2021

Iran’s national railway route with a length of about 1400 km, not only in terms of technique and quality of construction, is important in the world after tourism and encounters with special landscapes and natural attractions, and UNESCO is located in the world. This route is full of natural attractions. , Voted on buildings, plans, stations, facilities and even historic locomotives.

Lut Desert

Location: south Khorasan, Kerman, Sistan and Baluchestan

Date of Inscription: 2016

This heritage is the first natural monument of Iran. The history of civilization for more than five thousand years in the margin of Lut plain and the discovery of about three thousand historical monuments of this region is unique in its kind, among which we can mention the five-thousand-year-old flag of Shahdad, which is the oldest flag in the world.

Hyrcanian Forests

Location: Golestan, Mazandaran, Guilan, Semnan

Date of Inscription: 2019

This forest starts from the Hyrcanian National Park area of the Republic of Azerbaijan and extends to the province of North Khorasan in Iran. The habitat of the broad-leaved mixed forests on the southern shores of the Caspian Sea and the northern shores of the Alborz is 55,000 square kilometers (21,000 square miles) (7% of the area of Iran).