Dolat Abad Garden
Dolat Abad Garden is one of the ancient gardens in the city of Yazd in Iran.
Windbreak The 33.8-meter-high windbreak mansion is the tallest brick-built windbreak in the world. The Dolat Abad Garden in Yazd was built at the end of the Afshari period and in 1160 AH by Ali Rezaian Sabbagh dit (Khan Bozorg) who was the head of the Khan family of Yazd.
Ali first built a 65 kilometer long aqueduct and delivered water from Mehriz to Yazd and the current location of the Dolat Abad garden, then built his own government complex (Government House).
This garden with an area of about 70,000 square meters includes many buildings, ponds and fountains, in the space between which gardens of pomegranates and vines and many bagels have decorated the environment.
The huge historic Dolat Abad aqueduct, over 200 years old, consists of the construction of five aqueducts and originates from the heights of Mehriz. After crossing Mehriz, this aqueduct reaches Yazd for more than 50 km and irrigates the garden of Dolat Abad.
This garden consists of two general parts, interior and exterior (in front of the house). From the point of view of functional typology, Dolat bad is a “residential-government garden.”
In a way, the outer garden was the site of government ceremonies, sporting ceremonies, and administration of city affairs, and the inner garden, private sector and residence were seen as a complex.
The vestibule building (mansion) is one of the most important parts of the complex, in which the combination of air and water flow is done in the most beautiful way.
In this building, by combining the wind and the water flowing in the interior courtyards of the building, the fresh air is transferred from downwind to the royal part and the rooms. For this reason, this building is also called the summer building.