Abu Muhammad Musharraf al-Din Musleh ibn Abdullah ibn Musharraf known as Saadi. He is an Iranian poet and writer.
Literary scholars have called him “Master of the Word”, “King of the Word”, and even absolutely, “Master.
He studied in the army of Baghdad, which at the time was considered the most important center of science and knowledge in the Islamic world, then traveled as a preacher to various regions, including the Levant and the Hejaz. Saadi then returned to his hometown of Shiraz and lived there for the rest of his life. His tomb is located in Shiraz, known as Saadieh.
Most of his life coincided with the Atabakan rule of Persia in Shiraz and at the same time with the Mongol invasion of Iran and the fall of many governments of the time such as the Khwarezmshahis and the Abbasids.
Saadi had an undeniable influence on the Persian language; while there is a significant similarity between modern Persian and the Saadi language.
His works have long been taught in schools and libraries as a source of teaching Persian language and literature, and many common Persian language proverbs have been adapted from his works.
His works have been collected in the book “General” by Saadi, including Golestan in prose, the book Bustan in the form of Masnavi and also lyrical poems.
Saadi was very famous during his lifetime. His works were even available in Persian or in translation in India, Asia Minor and Central Asia.
He is the first Iranian poet whose works have been translated into one of the European languages. Hafez was one of the poets who composed lyrical poems under the influence of the Saadi style.