Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque (built 1602-1619 AD) is one of the historic and well-known mosques in Isfahan, on the east side of Naghsh Jahan Square, which was built during the Safavid period. This mosque is a masterpiece of 11th century AH architecture and tiling, which was built by Professor Mohammad Reza Isfahani, one of the famous architects of this period.
Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque was built by order of Shah Abbas I for eighteen years and is located on the east side of Naghsh Jahan Square, opposite Aali Qapo Mansion and in the Shah Mosque area. This religious place was built in honor of Sheikh Lotfallah Misi and attracts many tourists every year.
The design for the Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque was implemented at a time when the four garden plan was being implemented and at a time when Safavid architecture was flourishing.
The construction of this mosque in the first half of the 11th century AH, in 1602 AD and started by order of Shah Abbas I and ended in 1619 AD. The construction of this mosque took eighteen years.
It is said that the architect of this mosque was Master Mohammad Reza Isfahani, the son of Master Hossein Bana Isfahani. This mosque was built on the ruins of a mosque that was there. Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque owes its name to one of the great scholars of the Safavid era, Sheikh Lotfollah Jabal Ameli. He was a Lebanese who, like Sheikh Baha’i and a few other scholars, emigrated from Lebanon to Iran through Shah Abbas and settled first in Mashhad and Qazvin and then in Isfahan.
Because the Safavid government was a religious government and valued Islam, especially the Shia religion, it also had a great deal of respect for its scholars. Therefore, a mosque and a school bearing his name were built in the place of residence of the sheikh, where he taught religion classes. This mosque is one of the most beautiful historical monuments in Isfahan, located on the east side of Naghsh Jahan Square, opposite Aali Ghapo mansion.